Republic, parliamentary democracy, member of the European Union as well as UN, OECD and WTO
5.3 million of which 62% live in towns or urban areas, 38% in rural areas.
Capital city Helsinki with population of 564,000 and about a million with neighboring cities Espoo and Vantaa included. Other principal cities Tampere (206,000), Turku (175,000) and Oulu (140,000).
Northern Europe, between Sweden and Russia.
Finnish, Swedish. English is widely spoken.
Country Phone Code
Country Code: +358
Time difference: www.timeanddate.com
Direct flights from many European, American and Asian cities to Helsinki, domestic flights from Helsinki to other cities in the country.
Open domestic flights map
There is international passenger and cargo traffic from Helsinki and Turku. Helsinki has ferry connections to Germany (Travemünde, Rostock), Poland (Gdynia), Sweden (Stockholm) and Estonia (Tallinn).
Railroads: Open map
Traffic & roads
Main roads: Open map
Distances and directions
338,424 km² of which 10% is water, 70% forests and 6% farmland.
1,160 km from South to North, 540 km from West to East.
Lakes and islands
187,888 lakes and 179,584 islands.
Saimaa (4,400 km²)
Some of the highest fells
Halti (1,328 m), Saana (1,029 m), Pallas (807 m).
Finland has Europe's largest archipelago off the southwest coast. A quarter of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. Finland is the most heavily forested country in Europe. The country shares a border with Russia to the east, measuring 1,269 km. Its other neighbors are Sweden and Norway.
Four distinct seasons. The climate is marked by cold winters and warm summers. The temperatures vary between +25ºC in the summer and -25ºC in the winter.
Finland offers diverse landscapes and filming possibilities throughout the year thanks to its unique natural conditions – from the midnight sun and summer heat to long winters and guaranteed snow.
Average Snow Cover Arrival
Average Depth of Snow